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The problem of good and evil

Evil, pain, and suffering—three human experiences which countless authors have attempted to address

throughout history. Unlike other topics, books and articles on evil, pain, and suffering produce strong reac-

tions  toward  those  who  write  about  them  and  try  to explain them.



the state or quality of being good; specif.,
virtue; excellence
kindness; generosity; benevolence


In man is not a mere passive quality, but the deliberate preference of right to wrong, the firm and persistent resistance of all moral evil, and the choosing and following of all moral good.

Goodness is virtue and holiness in action. It results in a life characterized by deeds motivated by righteousness and a desire to be a blessing. It's a moral characteristic of a Spirit-filled person. The Greek word translated “goodness,” agathosune, is defined as "uprightness of heart and life." Agathosune is goodness for the benefit of others, not goodness simply for the sake of being virtuous.

Someone with agathosune will selflessly act on behalf of others. Confronting someone about a sin demonstrates goodness. So do giving to the poor, providing for one’s children, visiting the sick, volunteering to clean up after a storm, and praying for an enemy.

Evil definition

profoundly immoral and wicked.

"his evil deeds"

wicked, bad, wrong, morally wrong, wrongful, immoral, sinful, ungodly, unholy, foul, vile, base, ignoble, dishonourable, corrupt, iniquitous, depraved, degenerate, villainous, nefarious, sinister, vicious, malicious, malevolent, demonic, devilish, diabolic, diabolical, fiendish, dark, black-hearted; More

monstrous, shocking, despicable, atrocious, heinous, odious, contemptible, horrible, execrable;

informallow-down, stinking, dirty, shady, warped, bent, crooked;

archaicdastardly, black;

rareegregious, flagitious, peccable

"an evil deed"
good, virtuous
o  (of a force or spirit) embodying or associated with the forces of the devil.

"we were driven out of the house by an evil spirit"

o  harmful or tending to harm.

"the evil effects of high taxes"

harmful, hurtful, injurious, detrimental, deleterious, inimical, bad, mischievous, pernicious, malignant, malign, baleful, venomous, noxious, poisonous; More

corrupting, subversive;

calamitous, disastrous, destructive, ruinous;

literarymalefic, maleficent;


"the evil influence of society"

unlucky, unfortunate, unfavourable, adverse, unhappy, disastrous, catastrophic, ruinous, calamitous, unpropitious, inauspicious, dire, woeful

"she helped those who had fallen on evil times"
good, beneficial

(of a smell or sight) extremely unpleasant.

"a bathroom with an ineradicably evil smell"

unpleasant, disagreeable, nasty, horrible, foul, filthy, vile; More

inclement, wet, rainy, stormy, squally, blustery, cold, freezing, foggy

"his army suffered in the evil weather"
pleasant, fine

noun: evil

profound immorality and wickedness, especially when regarded as a supernatural force.

"his struggle against the forces of evil"

wickedness, bad, badness, wrong, wrongdoing, sin, sinfulness, ungodliness, immorality, vice, iniquity, turpitude, degeneracy, vileness, baseness, perversion, corruption, depravity, villainy, nefariousness, atrocity, malevolence, devilishness; More

informalshadiness, crookedness;

rarepeccability, peccancy

"I sense the evil in our midst"
o  a manifestation of this, especially in people's actions.

plural noun: evils

"the evil that took place last Thursday"

abomination, atrocity, obscenity, outrage, enormity, crime, monstrosity, barbarity, barbarism; More

torment, curse, bane

"the evils of war"
o  something which is harmful or undesirable.

"sexism, racism, and all other unpleasant social evils"

harm, pain, hurt, misery, sorrow, suffering, trauma, trouble, disaster, detriment, destruction, loss, misfortune, catastrophe, calamity, affliction, woe, ruin, hardship;


"nothing but evil would come out of such a meeting"

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