Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a genuine illness that can have a significant negative impact on those who have it.
It is the most well-known type of eating disorder and affects almost 2% of individuals around the world, though it stays under-perceived.
This article takes a gander at the symptoms, causes and health risks of BED and what you can do to stop it.
What Is Binge Eating Disorder and What Are the Symptoms?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is characterized by repeated scenes of uncontrolled binge eating and sentiments of extreme disgrace and distress.
It typically starts in the late teens to early twenties, although it can happen at any age. It is a chronic disease and can last for a long time (1).
Like other eating disorders, it is more typical in ladies than men. However, it is the most widely recognized type of eating disorder among men.
A binge eating scene is characterized by eating bigger than ordinary amounts of food in a relatively short timeframe. In BED, this conduct is joined by sentiments of distress and absence of control .
For a doctor to analyze BED, at least three of the following must likewise be present:
Eating substantially more quickly than ordinary
Eating until uncomfortably full
Eating vast amounts without inclination hungry
Eating alone because of sentiments of embarrassment and disgrace
Sentiments of guilt or disgust with oneself
Individuals with BED often experience sentiments of extreme misery and distress about their overeating, body shape and weight .
While a few people may sometimes overeat, for example, at Thanksgiving or a party, this does not mean they have BED, despite having encountered a portion of the symptoms listed previously.
To be analyzed, individuals must have had at least one binge eating scene for each week for at least three months .
The severity ranges from gentle, which is characterized by one to three binge eating scenes for each week, to extreme, which is characterized by at least 14 scenes for each week .
Another important characteristic is the nonappearance of inappropriate compensatory practices. This implies that, in contrast to bulimia, an individual with BED does not throw up, take laxatives or over-exercise to try and "make up" for a gorging scene.
BED is characterized by repeated scenes of uncontrolled intake of strangely a lot of food in a short timeframe. These scenes are joined by sentiments of guilt, disgrace and psychological distress.
The causes of BED are not surely knew but likely because of a variety of risk factors:
Genetics: People with BED may have expanded sensitivity to dopamine, which is in charge of sentiments of remuneration and delight. There is likewise strong proof that the disorder is inherited .
Sexual orientation: BED is more typical in ladies than men. In the US, 3.6% of ladies experience BED sooner or later in their lives, contrasted with 2.0% of men. This may be because of basic organic factors .
Changes in the cerebrum: There are indications that individuals with BED may have changes in mind structure that result in heightened reactions to food and less self-control .
Body estimate: Almost half of individuals with BED are corpulent, and 25– half of patients looking for weight misfortune surgery meet the criteria for BED. Weight problems may be both a cause and result of the disorder .
Self-perception: People with BED have an extremely negative self-perception. Body dissatisfaction, dieting and overeating contribute to the development of the disorder .
Binge eating: Those affected often report a history of binge eating as the first symptom of the disorder. This incorporates binge eating in childhood and the teenage years .
Emotional trauma: Stressful life events, for example, abuse, death, separation from a relative or a fender bender, have been observed to be risk factors. Childhood tormenting because of weight may likewise contribute .
Other psychological conditions: Almost 80% of individuals with BED have at least one other psychological disorder, for example, fears, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), bipolar disorder, anxiety or substance abuse .
A scene of binge eating can be triggered by stress, dieting, negative emotions relating to body weight or body shape, the availability of food or fatigue .
The causes of BED are not completely known. Similarly as with other eating disorders, a variety of genetic, environmental, social and psychological risks are associated with its development.