The Secrets of Economic and Industrial Espionage
Since the end of the Cold War industrial intelligence has become a critical area of interest to governments as well as non-state actors engaged in the global competition over new innovations and technologies. Especially in Europe, where production can no longer compete with rising powers such as China, the main thrust in the economic sector has been towards research and development. It can thus be said that the rise of information technology in both civilian and military use has maximized the resources allocated to discovering new trends and inventions by clandestine means while protecting intellectual capital and sensitive information has become instrumental for the corporate security of private sector actors and a first priority for national intelligence agencies.
Industrial intelligence in the post-Cold War era during the last two decades the global economy has developed at an ever increasing speed. The economy affects political and military relations and many other aspects of life.
Globalization has resulted in new conditions for international economy that demand a modern understanding of the definition of loyalty to nation states. This trend together with the dual use of technologies, meaning both civilian and military use, guarantees that industrial intelligence will continue to gain importance while the differences in defense and industrial applications become more unclear.
The phenomenon of globalization coupled with the explosion of information technology has had a huge impact on the way societies and nations function. The post-Cold War period has also brought new secret information demands to the fore. Technological advances with enormous economic and military potential generate intensive competition on patents, markets and technological superiority. Interests related to security, technology and the economy are often connected. When assessing the intelligence threat on the economic and technological areas, traditional considerations such as military-strategic importance and geopolitical situation are less relevant. Other aspects, such as a country’s international status in research, industry and export become more important. Economic and social strengths may be viewed as the future primary factors of world influence. The national securities of nations are threatened by the failure to adapt our thinking with the ongoing changes in the world around us.