C h u r c h H i s t o r y
Arose around 156, in Phrygia (central Asia Minor), named after Montanus, a newly-converted pagan priest, who claimed to be the Paraclete promised by Jesus. Montanism was a reaction against institutionalism, formalism and worldliness in the church, desiring to return to the church’s earlier spiritual emphasis. North African Montanism adopted strict asceticism emphasizing fasting, celibacy, strict moral discipline), while Asian Montanism was more of a charismatic movement, proclaiming a new era of prophetic activity for the church, heralding the imminent coming of the New Jerusalem and the Millennium. Martyrdom was encouraged and believed to have sin-atoning power. A series of synods in Asia Minor and a bishop of Rome condemned Montanism, although Tertullian joined the Montanists in his later years.